When people in North Dakota are accused of committing a crime, there are many stressors that can cause them concern. Defending against the formal accusations, possible jail time and fines are just a few. This is true for white collar crimes as well as other types of incidents. One potential issue is civil forfeiture, where the state can take money and property that it believes has been involved in the commission of a crime.
ExxonMobile may have materially misled its investors on the potential costs of climate change, according to the attorney general of New York. The attorney general of Massachusetts is also investigating the company. In a separate case, the Securities and Exchange Commission is looking into whether the company's oil and gas reserves are over-valued, considering the market and potential restrictions on their use that could arise due to climate change.
The term "white collar crime" was coined in 1939 to describe offenses that use deceit, concealment and violation of trust to achieve financial gain. Criminal activity is typically conducted without violence or the threat of it.