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Buying, selling and transferring firearms in Minnesota

On Behalf of | Mar 1, 2024 | Weapons Charges

There are many gun enthusiasts in Minnesota; perhaps you’re one of them. Some people collect firearms from various historical eras and display them like artwork in their homes. Others purchase guns as weapons of self-defense. There are also many people who use firearms to practice shooting skills or to shoot competitively. Whatever your personal reasons are for owning guns, if you engage in buying, selling or transferring firearms in this state, you’ll want to make sure you comply with all relevant laws and safety regulations.

In August 2023, a new law went into effect that requires you to fill out a specific form for private firearm transfers. The form is accessible online. To buy, sell or transfer firearms in a private transaction from one individual in Minnesota to another, you do not need a federal firearms license (FFL).

Exemptions to buying, selling and transferring firearms without an FFL

In certain circumstances, you might need an FFL to transfer a firearm from one person to another in Minnesota. If the gun in question requires a National Firearms Act tax stamp or is a long gun, then an FFL is a requirement to buy, sell or transfer it throughout the state.

Selling to someone from another state

Only FFL dealers may sell firearms to someone outside the boundaries of Minnesota. If you wish to purchase a gun from Minnesota but do not live in this state, you must purchase your firearm from a licensed dealer. If you live in this state and wish to sell a gun to someone from another state, you can transfer the firearm to a licensed dealer, who can then make the transaction. There is typically a fee involved for the service.

Never proceed without clarifying state laws

It’s never a good idea to assume someone has given you accurate information if you have not spoken directly with a licensed firearms dealer in Minnesota regarding laws that may be relevant to a specific transaction. For example, if someone tells you that you do not need an FFL to buy, sell or transfer a particular firearm when, in fact, you do, you could wind up facing weapons charges in this state.

This is why it’s always best to call a reputable, local FFL dealer to ask questions before conducting a firearms transaction. Some items require approval from the Federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms (ATF), such as suppressors or certain explosive devices. You must be at least 18 to possess or own a firearm in Minnesota. If you run into legal problems when buying, selling or transferring firearms in this state, it is wise to seek immediate legal support.


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